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5 nutritional deficiencies and how to recognize them

Alopecia due to nutritional deficiency, the consequences of a poor diet -

Our body needs substances that we can find in food for it to function properly, these are called macro and micro nutrients. Nutritional deficiencies have serious consequences for our health, which is why in this blog we share with you the symptoms of the most frequent ones and how to recognize them.

The Macronutrients are those that provide calories such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins and that are essential for the construction of body tissues.

Micronutrients intervene in physiological processes and are necessary in smaller quantities like vitamins and minerals .

Most common nutritional deficiencies

1- Protein deficiency


People who give up meat consumption and do not substitute it properly may suffer from protein deficiency. Also people who follow weight loss regimes or miracle diets.


  • Exhaustion or fatigue
  • Loss of muscle volume
  • Increase in infections
  • Fluid retention

2- Iron deficiency


It can arise mainly in women, since this mineral is lost with menstruation.


  • Drowsiness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Paleness, dizziness and headaches
  • brittle nails
  • Hair loss

3- Folic acid deficiency

ácido fólico

It is during pregnancy and breastfeeding that mothers can suffer from a deficiency of this vitamin.


  • Tingling or lack of sensation in the extremities
  • Tendency to depression
  • Diarrhea

4- Vitamin D3 deficiency

vitamina D

It may be more common during the winter months when sunlight is scarce. Spending a lot of time indoors also causes its lack.


  • Muscle weakness and bone pain
  • Osteoporosis

5- Vitamin B12 deficiency

vitamina b12

Older people may suffer from deficiency due to poor intestinal absorption.


  • Fatigue
  • Paleness and anemia
  • Numbness and tingling in extremities
  • Feeling of disorientation

What to do when faced with a nutritional deficiency?

  • Improve your diet by avoiding fast food and pre-cooked products
  • Include at least three servings of raw foods daily
  • Includes food supplements
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine and nicotine
  • Control stress by learning to relax


"Because prevention is better than cure"

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