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Diabetes is the biggest health problem in Mexico. 😮

The main health problems in Mexico. The number of health problems to which the population of Mexico is exposed is quite large; However, chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the ones that represent the greatest risk, as they are the ones that cause the majority of deaths in our country, in addition to being the ones that have shown the greatest increase in their incidence throughout The last decades.

In that sense, the most alarming thing is that the diseases that now kill Mexicans are preventable, with the 4 main risk factors being smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, stress and a sedentary lifestyle.

The chronic-degenerative diseases with the highest incidence in the Mexican population, which in addition to claiming the greatest number of lives, are:

  • diabetes.
  • cancer.
  • cardiovascular and cerebrovascular conditions.
  • pneumonia.
  • chronic respiratory diseases.
  • hypertension.
  • obesity.
  • liver diseases.

Diabetes is the condition that causes the highest number of deaths in the country, around 90,000 deaths per year. Only during the previous six-year term, this disease caused 500,000 deaths, according to data from the Ministry of Health.

To this factor it is necessary to add the rest of the chronic-degenerative diseases, which are not only the most complicated to treat, they are also the ones that demand the greatest economic resources, since their treatment is expensive and very long-lasting.

“In 1990, diseases such as diabetes, chronic kidney failure and ischemic heart disease were not listed as priority care conditions; Today these diseases occupy the first three places that cause the greatest disability. This is an example of how chronic non-communicable diseases have become the main health concern.”

This problem is not only a matter of the older age group, since at all levels of adulthood and even among infants, health problems occur that were not frequent before, as a result of the sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy lifestyles that predominate among urban populations.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has indicated that Mexico is the nation with the highest obesity in the world, while the second Study on Health Systems in Mexico OECD 2016 highlights that one in three children is overweight or obese, and In the adult population, 71% suffer from it. This disease is called high risk because other conditions arise from it, such as diabetes and heart and liver diseases.

How can I prevent or delay the onset of diabetes?

If you are at risk of developing diabetes, you may be able to prevent or delay it. Most of the things you should do involve a healthier lifestyle. If you make these changes, you will also reap other health benefits. You can reduce your risk of other diseases and will probably feel better and have more energy. The changes are:

Lose weight and keep it off.

Weight control is an important part of diabetes prevention. You may be able to prevent or delay diabetes by losing five to 10 percent of your current weight; once you lose the weight, it's important to keep it off.

Follow a healthy eating plan.

It is important to reduce the number of calories you eat and drink each day, so you can lose weight and keep it off. To achieve this, your diet should include smaller portions and less fat and sugar. You should also eat foods from each food group, including plenty of whole grains, fruits and vegetables; it's a good idea to limit red meat and avoid processed meats.

Exercise regularly.

Exercise has many health benefits, including helping you lose weight and lowering your blood sugar levels. Both reduce the risk of diabetes. Aim for at least 30 minutes of physical activity five days a week. If you haven't been active, you can start slowly until you reach your goal.

Do not smoke.

Smoking can contribute to insulin resistance, which can lead to diabetes.

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