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September 16 - World Lymphoma Day

world lymphoma day

World Lymphoma Day is an initiative of the Lymphoma Coalition to increase knowledge about lymphoma, allowing recognition of symptoms and early diagnosis.

Lymphoma is a type of cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the body's germ-fighting network.

The lymphatic system includes the lymph nodes (lymph glands), spleen, thymus, and bone marrow. Lymphoma can affect all of these areas, as well as other organs in the body.

The best treatment for your case will depend on the type and severity of the lymphoma. Lymphoma treatment may include chemotherapy, immunotherapy drugs, radiation therapy, a bone marrow transplant, or some combination of these.


Doctors are not sure what causes lymphoma. It begins when a disease-fighting white blood cell, called a lymphocyte, develops a genetic mutation. The mutation tells the cell to multiply rapidly and produces many diseased lymphocytes that continue to multiply.

Mutation also allows cells to continue living when other cells die. This produces too many diseased, ineffective lymphocytes in your lymph nodes and causes the lymph nodes to swell.


Chronic lymphocytic leukemia:

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood and bone marrow, the spongy tissue found inside bones and where blood cells are produced.

Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma:

Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is a rare type of cancer that begins in white blood cells called T cells (T lymphocytes). These cells normally help the body's immune system fight germs. In cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, T cells develop abnormalities that cause them to attack the skin.

Cutaneous B cell lymphoma:

Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma is a rare type of cancer that originates in white blood cells and attacks the skin. Cutaneous B-cell lymphoma begins in B cells, a type of disease-fighting white blood cell called lymphocytes.

Hodgkin lymphoma (Hodgkin disease).

Hodgkin lymphoma, formerly known as Hodgkin disease, is a cancer of the lymphatic system, which is part of the immune system. It can affect people of any age, but it is more common in people between 20 and 40 years old and in those over 55 years of age.

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a type of cancer that originates in the lymphatic system, the disease-fighting network that spreads throughout the body. In non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, tumors form from lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.

Waldenström macroglobulinemia.

Your bone marrow produces too many abnormal white blood cells that crowd out healthy blood cells. Abnormal white blood cells produce a protein that builds up in the blood, making circulation difficult and causing complications. Lymphoma


Swollen lymph nodes

Signs and symptoms of lymphoma may include:

  • Painless swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • Constant fatigue
  • Fever
  • Night sweats
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Unexplained weight loss

Risk factor's

Factors that may increase the risk of lymphoma include:

Age. Some types of lymphoma are more common in young adults, while others are diagnosed more often in people over 55 years of age.

Being a man . Men are slightly more likely to develop lymphoma than women.

Have an affected immune system. Lymphoma is more common in people with diseases of the immune system or who take medications that suppress this system.

Contract certain infections. Some infections are associated with an increased risk of lymphoma, such as Epstein-Barr virus and Helicobacter pylori infection.

Diagnosing lymphoma early can be difficult, since its symptoms, such as fatigue, fever, and swollen lymph nodes, can be easily confused with common illnesses such as the flu or mononucleosis. If not treated in time, some types of lymphoma can have fatal consequences within six months. Every year approximately 200,000 people die in the world as a result of the disease and about 350,000 new cases are diagnosed.

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