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Heartburn: what are its causes, symptoms and how to relieve it?

It is very common to feel that annoying burning sensation in the chest that rises to the throat. Even more so after eating very spicy foods or eating too much dinner before going to sleep. This sensation is known as heartburn.
This sensation can last several minutes and even hours, so it is necessary to understand its causes in order to prevent it.
First you have to know that stomach acid plays a key role in digestion. It is necessary to break down the food we eat, but it can irritate the esophagus. This occurs when the esophageal sphincter, which is a valve that keeps acid inside the stomach, relaxes abnormally and allows acid to flow back into the esophagus.
The most common causes of heartburn are the following:
  • Eating too much or too quickly
  • Consume greasy or spicy foods, as well as citrus fruits. Also drink alcoholic, caffeinated, or carbonated drinks
  • Go to sleep shortly after eating
  • Smoke
  • Overweight
  • Stress and anxiety

Home remedies against heartburn
Eat a ripe banana: Due to its high potassium content, it helps counteract stomach acid. It is important that the banana is very ripe or it could aggravate the problem.
Chewing sugarless gum: Increases saliva production and, therefore, helps reduce heartburn.
Avoid eating too much and quickly: Eating too quickly and too much can put more pressure on the valve that keeps stomach acid out of the esophagus.
Avoid eating before going to sleep: Having a full stomach before going to bed aggravates heartburn. It is advisable to wait three hours before going to sleep.
Wearing loose clothing: Avoiding wearing belts or very tight clothing can relieve symptoms.
Quit smoking: Tobacco reduces the amount of saliva produced and affects the effectiveness of the valve that prevents stomach acid from entering the esophagus.
If the remedies in this article do not work or you think you have another type of problem, we recommend that you consult a doctor as soon as possible.


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